Vinaya Pitaka of 5 books, Sutta Pitaka of 5 collections many suttas and Abhidhamma Pitaka of 7 books.
Two major religions, Catholicism and Buddhism, have always been compared, because even though they have many differences, many people have tried combining their ideals. In fact, the Pope has gone as far as to declare that Buddhism has permeated into Western culture with positive effects.
In terms of similarities, Catholicism and Buddhism both employ monks, or priests, to practice and spread their faith among the masses. Catholicism encourages the use of religious equipment such as the scapular and the rosary, while Buddhism would not be complete without the traditional prayer beads.
The similarities end there, however; one encounters some key differences when Catholicism and Buddhism are put side by side. The first difference is that Catholicism believes in one God, the Almighty Father, while Buddhism does not. Siddhartha Gautama, who eventually became the first Buddha, is the closest figure in Buddhism to resemble the Catholic God.
However, unlike God, who is considered omnipresent, Siddhartha Gautama is merely the first in a long line of Buddhas. Each Buddha is said to be a reincarnation of the previous; however, they are still named differently. The second difference lies in what people face in the afterlife.
Buddhism believes in reincarnation, while Catholicism declares that people can go to three different places: Purgatory, Heaven, or Hell.
In the Buddhism concept of reincarnation, people are reborn either as an animal or another person.
Catholicism, on the other hand, declares that the sinful are thrown into Hell, and the not so sinful end up in Purgatory to repent for their sins before ascending to Heaven, which is considered the best place to end up in.
In terms of religious texts, Catholicism has a common reference — the Bible. Texts regarding Buddhism are not compiled in one major book; rather, they have been taught and passed down either by word of mouth, by the Pali Canon, or by the sutras.
Although it bears the closest resemblance to the Bible, it is not considered as standard-issue among the followers of Buddhism. The sutras are written records that came from the current Buddha.
In terms of clarity, however, the sutras can be as enigmatic as the Bible. Nevertheless, both the Pali Canon and the sutras serve as food for thought meant to help Buddhists achieve spiritual enlightenment. Catholicism and Buddhism are both popular, and many people have attempted to combine their teachings.
Both Catholicism and Buddhism employ religious props. Catholicism has the rosary and scapular, while Buddhism has prayer beads. The first major difference between the two religions is the belief in God; Catholicism believes in an omnipresent, omnipotent God, the Almighty Father, while Buddhism does not.
The closest thing to God would be Siddhartha Gautama, the first Buddha to achieve spiritual enlightenment.Theravada School (or Hinayana School) Known as the Theravada School, or the School of the Elders (Skt.
= Sthaviravada). Also pejoratively referred to as the Hinayana (lit. = Lesser Vehicle) by Mahayana adherents, who claim that Hinayana emphasizes personal liberation/salvation in contrast to the collective liberation of the Mahayana (lit.
= Greater Vehicle). Compare Mahayana and Theravada Buddhism. Over its long history, Buddhism has taken a wide variety of forms. The Mahayana tradition tends to emphasize rituals and the worship of deities, while the Theravada tradition rejects rituals and gods in favor of pure meditation.
Mahayana vs. Theravada Diffen › Philosophy › Religion › Buddhism This is a comparison of the two main strands of Buddhism — Theravada and Mahayana. Cambodia Table of Contents Origins of Buddhism on the Indian Subcontinent.
Theravada Buddhism is the religion of virtually all of the ethnic Khmer, who constitute . In the Buddhist countries of southern Asia, there never arose any serious differences on the fundamentals of Buddhism.
All these countries - Sri Lanka, Cambodia, Laos, Burma, Thailand, have accepted the principles of the Theravada school and any differences there might be between the various schools is restricted to minor matters.
The two major branches of Buddhism have their own interpretations of the Buddha’s teachings. But it’s important to remember that while Theravada and Mahayana Buddhism are unique, they still are based on the same beliefs.. At the end of the day, Buddhists follow the teachings of the Buddha.