Scarlet letter proof of atroph essay

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Scarlet letter proof of atroph essay

VERY few ever fully appreciate the powerful influence which sexuality exercises over feeling, thought, and conduct, both in the individual and in society.

Schiller, in his poem, " Die Weltweisen," recognizes it with the words: Schopenhauer " The World as Will and Idea " thought it strange that love had been thus far a subject for the poet alone, and that, with the exception of superficial treatment by Plato, Rousseau, and Kant, it had been foreign to philosophers.

The Scarlet Letter Essays and Criticism -

What Schopenhauer and, after him, the Philosopher of the Unconscious, E. Hartmann, philosophized concerning the sexual relations is so imperfect, and in its consequences so distasteful, that, aside from the treatment in the works of Michelet "L'amour" and Maritegazza "Physiology of Love"which are to be considered more as brilliant discussions than as scientific treatises, the empirical psychology and metaphysics of the sexual side of human existence rest upon a foundation which is scientifically almost puerile.

The poets may be better psychologists than the psychologists and philosophers'; but they are men of feeling rather than of understanding, and at least one-sided in their consideration of the subject.

They cannot see the deep shadow behind the light and sunny warmth of that from which they draw their inspiration. Perhaps it will be possible for medical science to gain a stand-point of philosophical knowledge midway between the despairing views of philosophers like Schopenhauer and Hartmann [2] and the gay, naive views of the poets.

It is not the intention of the author to lay the foundation of a psychology of the sexual life, though without doubt psychopathology would furnish many important sources of knowledge to psychology. The purpose of this treatise is a description of the pathological manifestations of the sexual life and an attempt to refer them to their underlying conditions.

The task is a difficult one, and, in spite of years of experience as alienist and medical jurist, I am well aware that what I can offer must be incomplete.


The importance of the subject for the welfare of society, especially forensically, demands, however, that it should be examined scientifically.

Only he who, as a medico-legal expert, has been in a position where he has been compelled to pass judgment upon his fellow-men, where life, freedom, and honor were at stake, and realized painfully the incompleteness of our knowledge concerning the pathology of the sexual life, can fully understand the significance of an attempt to gain definite views concerning it.

Even at the present time, in the domain of sexual criminality, the most erroneous opinions are expressed and the most unjust sentences pronounced, influencing laws and public opinion.

He who makes the psych opathology of sexual life the object of scientific study sees himself placed on a dark side of human life and misery, in the shadows of which the god-like creations of the poet become hideous masks, and morals and aesthetics seem out of place in the "image of God.

Perhaps in this difficult calling some consolation may be gained, and extended to the moralist, if it be possible to refer to morbid conditions much that offends ethical and aesthetic feeling. Thus Medicine undertakes to save the honor of mankind before the Court of Morality, and individuals from judges and their fellow-men.

The duty and right of medical science in these studies belong to it by reason of the high aim of all human inquiry after truth. The author would take to himself the words of Tardieu " Des attentats aux moeurs": In order that unqualified persons should not become readers, the author saw himself compelled to choose a title understood only by the learned, and also, where possible, to express himself in terminis tecJinids.

It seemed necessary also to give certain particularly revolting portions in Latin [4] rather than in German. It is hoped that this attempt to present to physician and jurist facts from an important sphere of life will receive kindly acceptance and fill an actual hiatus in literature; for, with the exception of certain single descriptions and cases, the literature presents only the writings of Moreau and Tarnowsky, which cover but a portion of the field.

As a rule, they are certainly only symptoms of a constitutional malady, or of a weakened state of the brain, which manifest themselves in the various forms of sexual perversion. Therefore, it cannot be denied that a pornographic interest on the part of the public is accountable for a part of the wide circulation of the book.

But, in spite of this disadvantage, the injury done by implanting knowledge of sexual pathology in unqualified persons is not to be compared with the good accomplished. History shows that uranism was very wide-spread long before the appearance of ' Psychopathia Sexualis.

Exact knowledge of the causes and conditions of development of sexual aberrations, Die Suggestions-Therapie, etc. Without care- ful study of the circumstances which attend the development of sexual anomalies, we should never be in a position to use effect- ual therapeusis.

For this reason, in spite of the great prevalence of uranism, very few of its subjects seek med- ical treatment. While the terminal forms of sexual aberrations end in asylums for the insane, the doubtful cases, in which incompleteness of development or apparent viciousness render correct diagnosis difficult, make up the majority.

Diagnostic information:

But a thorough knowledge of the aberrations of the sexual instinct is absolutely indispensable to the jurist. The reasons given are thus suffi- ciently important to demonstrate the need of a hand-book on 4 psychopathia sexualis.

The difficulties of translation have not been slight; but minor errors cannot destroy the author's meaning. For much encouragement in the work of translation my gratitude to Dr. Stone, Assistant Superintendent at the Michigan Asylum, Kal- amazoo, I am greatly indebted for assistance in the preparation of the manuscript.

THE propagation of the human species is not committed to accident or to the caprice of the individual, but made secure in a natural instinct, which, with all-conquering force and might, demands fulfillment.

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In the gratification of this natural impulse are found not only sensual pleasure and sources of physical well-being, but also higher feelings of satisfaction in perpetuating the single, perishable existence, by the transmission of mental and physical attributes to a new being. On this height man overcomes his natural instinct, and from an inexhaustible spring draws material and inspiration for higher enjoyment, for more earnest work, and the attainment of the ideal.Free essays on Scarlet Letter available at, the largest free essay community.

Abracadabra, ab-ra-ka-dab′ra, n. a cabbalistic word, written in successive lines, each shorter by a letter than the one above it, till the last letter A formed the apex of a triangle.

It was worn as a charm for the cure of diseases. Now used generally for a spell or conjuring . ÀDVSBTISlSmiff. A SELECTION FROM - METHUEN'S EDUCATIONAL LIST AonounceMest List ssd Catalogue sent on Appiieation. A H1STOÜY OF ENGLAND, Iq m·vea volume*.

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Sin is the main theme in The Scarlet Letter. All of the characters in the book were somehow affected by the main sin, which was adultery. The three main characters were the most widely affected, and their whole lives were molded by the way they dealt with the sin.

Scarlet letter proof of atroph essay

. The scarlet letter had one basic meaning, "adultery," but to the characters of Hester and Dimmesdale it was a constant reminder of the sin; and to Pearl it was a symbol of curiosity.

Obviously, the scarlet letter had the largest impact on Hester, it was a constant reminder of the sin she committed. The "A" she must wear on her bosom. He wrote Psychopathia Sexualis Rosario, Vernon A (), "Science and sexual identity: an essay review.", Journal of the history of medicine and allied sciences 57 (1): 79–85 The proof of this is the turgescence of the organs in the sexual act, injection of the conjunctiva, prominence of the eyes, dilatation of the pupils, and cardiac.

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