When the second-person singular form of the imperative is followed by its object y or en, a final s is added: The verb aller, though it ends in -er is completely irregular and belongs to the third group. In -oyer and -uyer verbs, the y becomes an i before endings that start with a silent e; in -ayer verbs, the writer may or may not change the y to an i before such endings.
The third-person singular forms are differentiated according to the sex of the referent. For example, she is used to refer to a female person, sometimes a female animal, and sometimes an object to which female characteristics are attributed, such as a ship or a country.
A male person, and sometimes a male animal, is referred to using he. In other cases it can be used. See Gender in English. The word it can also be used as a dummy subjectin sentences like It is going to be sunny this afternoon.
The third-person plural forms such as they are sometimes used with singular reference, as a gender-neutral pronounas in each employee should ensure they tidy their desk. Despite its long history, this usage is sometimes considered ungrammatical. The possessive determiners such as my are used as determiners together with nouns, as in my old man, some of his friends.
The second possessive forms like mine are used when they do not qualify a noun: Note also the construction a friend of mine meaning "someone who is my friend". See English possessive for more details.
Demonstrative and interrogative[ edit ] The demonstrative pronouns of English are this plural theseand that plural thoseas in these are good, I like that. Note that all four words can also be used as determiners followed by a nounas in those cars. The interrogative pronouns are who, what, and which all of them can take the suffix -ever for emphasis.
The pronoun who refers to a person or people; it has an oblique form whom though in informal contexts this is usually replaced by whoand a possessive form pronoun or determiner whose.
The pronoun what refers to things or abstracts. The word which is used to ask about alternatives from what is seen as a closed set: It can also be an interrogative determiner: Which, who, and what can be either singular or plural, although who and what often take a singular verb regardless of any supposed number.
For more information see who. All the interrogative pronouns can also be used as relative pronouns; see below for more details. The main relative pronouns in English are who with its derived forms whom and whosewhich, and that. For persons, who is used the man who saw me was tall.
The oblique case form of who is whom, as in the man whom I saw was tall, although in informal registers who is commonly used in place of whom. The possessive form of who is whose the man whose car is missing The word that as a relative pronoun is normally found only in restrictive relative clauses unlike which and who, which can be used in both restrictive and unrestrictive clauses.
It can refer to either persons or things, and cannot follow a preposition. For example, one can say the song that [or which] I listened to yesterday, but the song to which [not to that] I listened yesterday. The relative pronoun that is usually pronounced with a reduced vowel schwaand hence differently from the demonstrative that see Weak and strong forms in English.
If that is not the subject of the relative clause, it can be omitted the song I listened to yesterday. The word what can be used to form a free relative clause — one that has no antecedent and that serves as a complete noun phrase in itself, as in I like what he likes.
The words whatever and whichever can be used similarly, in the role of either pronouns whatever he likes or determiners whatever book he likes.What are verbs? Verbs are doing words.
A verb can express a physical action, a mental action, or a state of being. This page is a grammar lesson on verbs, the type of verbs, and verb terminology. Verb definition, any member of a class of words that function as the main elements of predicates, that typically express action, state, or a relation between two things, and that may be inflected for tense, aspect, voice, mood, and to show agreement with their subject or object.
See more. English verbs have four moods: indicative, imperative, subjunctive, and infinitive.
Mood is the form of the verb that shows the mode or manner in which a thought is expressed. It all depends on subject-verb agreement, which is an important element of writing and speaking in English.
In this lesson, we will look at compound subjects and how verbs react to these. I will teach you how to make the verb agree with the subjects in different kinds of sentences. Table of English tenses. tense Affirmative/Negative/Question Use Signal Words; Simple Present: A: He speaks.
N: He does not speak. Q: Does he speak? action in the. English Grammar: article, syntax, verbs conjugation, English spelling Search: This grammar is intended to help students and teachers of English to describe more easily the way sentences are created, how to use verbs, nouns, and more generally How to write with a good syntax.