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This article has been cited by other articles in PMC. Recently, there has been a dramatic rise in the adoption of alternative forms of peer support services to assist recovery from substance use disorders; however, often peer support has not been separated out as a formalized intervention component and rigorously empirically tested, making it difficult to determine its effects.
This article reports the results of a literature review that was undertaken to assess the effects of peer support groups, one aspect of peer support services, in the treatment of addiction. Studies demonstrated associated benefits in the following areas: Limitations were noted on the relative lack of rigorously tested empirical studies within the literature and inability to disentangle the effects of the group treatment that is often included as a component of other services.
Conclusion Peer support groups included in addiction treatment shows much promise; however, the limited data relevant to this topic diminish the ability to draw definitive conclusions. More rigorous research is needed in this area to further expand on this important line of research.
Historically, peer support has been shown to be a key component of many existing addiction treatment and recovery approaches such as the community reinforcement approach, 1 — 11 therapeutic communities, 1213 and step programs; 1415 the community reinforcement approach has demonstrated the importance of valued social roles in maintaining abstinence, which is the foundation of the peer support relationship.
For the purposes of this article, we attempted to utilize consistent language wherever possible.
However, in certain instances, a term may be part of a broader term such as mentorship is a type of peer support, but mentorship is specific to an individual in later recovery providing peer support to someone in earlier recovery, which requires additional specification.
We also included this broadened scope in our definition of peer mentorship. Table 1 provides key peer support terms used throughout this review article and definitions.
These programs based on the social model of recovery provide support for people in recovery from alcohol addiction in a residential environment that focuses on Alcoholics Anonymous AA philosophy and practices. Utilizing a peer-oriented social model modality, sober living houses rely on mutual sobriety support, self-efficacy, and resident participation.
For example, Jason et al 35 conducted a randomized study to test the efficacy of an Oxford House intervention compared to usual care ie, outpatient treatment or self-help groups following discharge from inpatient substance abuse treatment. Results demonstrated a significant increase in monthly income with a significant decrease in substance use and incarceration rates among those in the Oxford House condition compared with the usual-care condition.
Twelve-step is an intervention for drug abuse and addiction and can include dual recovery from substance abuse problems and co-occurring mental health disorders. Humphreys 36 found step groups to be the most referred adjunct support for professionally treated substance abuse patients. Other studies have demonstrated the effectiveness of step groups for the treatment of substance abuse following treatment, 37 — 39 and prior research of step groups has shown reductions in alcohol and drug use.
The evidence for all criteria except specific effects was very strong. For magnitude, rates of abstinence within AA were approximately twice as high. For dose—response, higher rates of abstinence were related to higher levels of attendance.
For consistency, the effects were found for different follow-up periods and different samples. For temporal, prior AA attendance is predictive of subsequent abstinence. For plausibility, mechanisms of action predicted by behavioral change theories were present in AA.
However, for specificity of an effect for step facilitation or AA, experimental evidence was mixed, with evidence for both positive and negative effects in addition to no effect.
Treatment and community settings Recently, there has been a dramatic rise in the adoption of alternative forms of peer support services within treatment and community settings to assist recovery from substance use disorders, because of the potential benefits offered to patients.The Self Help Group and its Bank linkage programme has assumed a pivotal role in the process of empowerment of women both socially and economically.
At the same time various researchers and. Self Help Groups should also be drawn from the BPL list approved by the Gram Sabha.
Since the inception of the programme of SGSY (1st April, ) lakh self-help groups have been formed covering lakh swarojgaries. SELF-ANALYSIS is a systematic attempt by an individual to understand his or her own personality without the help of another person is termed as self-analysis.
An independent methodical attempt to study and comprehend one’s own personality, emotions, and behavior. A Brief Introduction Self-Help Groups The 12 & 12 provides the importance of anonymity. The first is to make newcomers feel Self-Help Groups: A Brief Introduction Author: Self-Help Toolkit Project Team Subject: Handouts for patients: Self-Help Groups: A Brief Introduction.
Role of Self help groups in economic development Nov 05, Self-Help Groups are informal associations of people who choose to come together to find ways to improve their living conditions. They help to build Social Capital among the poor, especially women.
attitudes and beliefs about step groups among addiction treatment clients and clinicians: toward identifying obstacles to participation Alexandre B.
Laudet Alexandre Laudet, Ph. D., is with National Development and Research Institutes, Inc. (NDRI), 71 West 23 rd street, 8 th fl, NYC, NY , USA.