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Using the high altitude B, it was necessary for the raids to be conducted in daylight for the drops to be accurate. As adequate fighter escort was rarely available, the bombers would fly in tight, box formationsallowing each bomber to provide overlapping machine-gun fire for defense.
The tight formations made it impossible to evade fire from Luftwaffe fighters, however, and American bomber crew losses were high.
One such example was the Schweinfurt-Regensburg missionwhich resulted in staggering losses of men and equipment. The introduction of the revered P Mustangwhich had enough fuel to make a round trip to Germany's heartland, helped to reduce losses later in the war.
In part because of their heavier armament and armor, they carried smaller bomb loads than British bombers. With all of this, the USAAF's commanders in Washington, DC, and in Great Britain adopted the strategy of taking on the Luftwaffe head on, in larger and larger air raids by mutually defending bombers, flying over Germany, Austria, and France at high altitudes during the daytime.
Also, both the U. Government and its Army Air Forces commanders were reluctant to bomb enemy cities and towns indiscriminately. They claimed that by using the B and the Norden bombsightthe USAAF should be able to carry out "precision bombing" on locations vital to the German war machine: The text of the Casablanca directive read: In the latethe 'Pointblank' attacks manifested themselves in the infamous Schweinfurt raids first and second.
Formations of unescorted bombers were no match for German fighters, which inflicted a deadly toll. In despair, the Eighth halted air operations over Germany until a long-range fighter could be found in ; it proved to be the P Mustang, which had the range to fly to Berlin and back. USAAF leaders firmly held to the claim of "precision bombing" of military targets for much of the war, and dismissed claims they were simply bombing cities.
Within two weeks of the arrival of these first six sets, the Eighth command gave permission for them to area bomb a city using H2X and would continue to authorize, on average, about one such attack a week until the end of the war in Europe.
In reality, the day bombing was "precision bombing" only in the sense that most bombs fell somewhere near a specific designated target such as a railway yard. Conventionally, the air forces designated as "the target area" a circle having a radius of feet around the aiming point of attack.
In the fall ofonly seven percent of all bombs dropped by the Eighth Air Force hit within 1, feet of their aim point. Nevertheless, the sheer tonnage of explosive delivered by day and by night was eventually sufficient to cause widespread damage, and, more importantly from a military point of view, forced Germany to divert resources to counter it.
This was to be the real significance of the Allied strategic bombing campaign—resource allocation. For the sake of improving the US air-force Fire bombing capabilities a mock-up German Village was built up and repeatedly burned down.World War II (–) by: History SparkNotes Summary.
Brief Overview; Overview; The Start of the War , British and American forces launched the D-Day invasion it would be several months before U.S. forces would get seriously involved militarily. In late spring of Examine the origins of American involvement in the war, with an emphasis on the events that c.
Students review Document Analysis Chart 1 and circle the most persuasive arguments and Should the United States have entered World War II before the bombing of Pearl Harbor?
1. Sumner Welles, Secretary of State, “Japan and Our. Japan's aggression spurred the United States Congress to declare war on Japan, and then on Germany, Italy, and the remaining Axis powers. Within just four days of the Pearl Harbor attack, the United States was fully embroiled in world war and the country's human and .
American women and Blacks experienced some freedoms unattainable in pre-war society. And on the world stage, the United States earned a new, powerful, and coveted role. World War II also marked the beginning of the end of world imperialism as nationalist movements began to triumph over weakened colonial empires.
List of United States Army campaigns during World War II. Jump to navigation Jump to search D-Day in Normandy: U.S. troops The war started for America on 7 December with the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor, although U.S.
air and service units played a vital role. Mar 10, · Watch video · Rosie the Riveter was the star of a campaign aimed at recruiting female workers for defense industries during World War II, and she became perhaps the most iconic image of working women.