Elizabeth's death had resulted in the succession of her first cousin twice-removedKing James VI of Scotlandto the English throne as James I of England, creating the first personal union of the Scottish and English kingdoms. In spite of this, James' personal extravagance meant he was perennially short of money and had to resort to extra-Parliamentary sources of income. This extravagance was tempered by James' peaceful disposition, so that by the succession of his son Charles I to the English and Scottish thrones in the two kingdoms had both experienced relative peace, both internally and in their relations with each other, for as long as anyone could remember.
The old lessons of warfare had to be re-written by the American Generals serving in the US Civil war. War took a new turn during the Civil war.
Old world tactics and training were inefficient due to modern weaponry. Civil war was an event that was unparalleled in the annals of military history.
It was a revolution of warfare in itself. The conflict hosted the first ever use of rail and water ways and armored ships over a larges area of military operations and redefined previous lessons of American civil war inevitable essay deployment.
American Generals were forced to adapt and even abandon the lessons of antebellum military thought. The railway made armies mobile to a degree that was previously unimaginable.
Their development completely altered the entire concept and strategy of managing army's. The civil war laid down lessons to be copied and learned for the up coming "Great War" in Europe.
Along with lessons and tactics came the new emphasis on newer and modern units and an increased importance assigned to battlefield preparation and geography.
Through observation of the federal military development European observers witnessed the importance of a solid industrialized infra structure supporting the warfront. The North showed the world how strong industry and support can offset valor and other military qualities.
With many thanks to Napoleon turning movements became a major part of U. Napoleon introduced the turning movement witch could be used to threaten enemy lines of communications and either force their withdrawal or force a premature action by the enemy.
If an attacking force executed this tactic efficiently and with speed it could reach the enemies rear before an effective retreat could be carried out.
A properly carried out turning movement could provide a significant advantage for the aggressors. Now with the defenders communications cut off the defenders would be forced to attack, shifting the fight to a tactical defensive, to the advantage of the attacker.
At the start of the civil war European observers were anxious to see to what extent the American campaigns would conform to the accepted doctrines of Napoleonic warfare. As the curriculum at West Point leaned in the direction of engineering, mathematics, fortifications and administration most cadets absorbed this text, as it was the only resource on military strategy.
McClellan took those concepts one step further. After rebuilding the army of the Potomac he devised a turning movement that utilized virtually all fields of military discipline.
Had this plan been carried out with full confidence the war may have ended much sooner. Based on the principle of turning movements McClellan planned to fully exploit the North's secure water lines. This would actually be a water based turning movement where the navy directly complemented and necessitated the infantry, in a sense providing land, were none existed.
The goal was to accomplish three tasks, getting to the confederate rear, re-claim territory, and capture Richmond. This plan showed the importance of fully exploiting all of a militaries resources for joint success.
It also showed the American perfection and expansion of Napoleonic tactics. Jomini was intrigued by Napoleons strategies and sought to systematize his methods. Jomini emphasized the necessity of good internal lines of operations, presented the concept of lines of operation and stressed the difference between interior and exterior lines.
He stressed the importance of proper choice of these lines concerning geographical and geometrical factors. He stressed that solid and reliable interior lines were essential to the fundamental principle of strategy.By Alex Zakrzewski 3/23/ • American History Magazine.
It will soon be more than one hundred and fifty years since the end of the American Civil War and . Was The Us Civil War Inevitable History Essay. Print Reference this. Disclaimer: In the case of the American civil war, Southern secession was the opportunity seized upon by the North.
The lack of a strong anti-violence movement in the events leading up to the civil war strongly suggests the acceptable nature of war in order to resolve. The Civil War was an inevitable conflict that was bound to explode due to the differences between the North and South societies, slavery, and politics.
After Independence, the complexity of the American society grew. April marks the th anniversary of the U.S. Civil War, which began when Confederate forces opened fire upon Fort Sumter in Charleston, South Carolina. The Battle of Antietam, fought on September 17, , was the bloodiest single day in American history, with more than 6, soldiers killed--four times the number lost on D-Day, and twice the number killed in the September 11th terrorist attacks.
English Civil War; Part of the Wars of the Three Kingdoms: The victory of the Parliamentarian New Model Army over the Royalist Army at the Battle of Naseby on 14 June marked the decisive turning point in the English Civil War.